There is always a lot of controversy around nutrition and it’s hard to be certain whether you can believe what you read. Therefore, we’ve compiled our top 5 nutrition facts that (nearly) everyone agrees on.
Avoid added sugar
Ingredients such as sucrose and high fructose corn syrup listed on food packaging contain empty calories and no nutrients. If you’re diet is high in added sugar, you are likely to struggle eating sufficient foods that contain all the nutrients you need on a daily basis. To make matters worse, the high fructose in added sugars is now being implicated with obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Omega-3 fatty acids are crucial
Omega-3 fatty acids have a number of roles within the body and are extremely important for optimal health. Due to the limited sources in the diet, being deficient is not uncommon. Omega-3 fats help reduce inflammation, may help lower risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and arthritis. They also appear to be important for memory, mental performance and behavioral function. The best sources of Omega-3 fats are from sardines, salmon, grass fed beef, flax seeds and walnuts.
Trans fats should be avoided
Also known as partially hydrogenated oils, trans fats are linked with increased levels of bad cholesterol and a lowering of the good cholesterol, abdominal obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance. Long term, it is thought that trans fats raise the risk of obesity, diabetes and heart disease.
Vegetables improve your health
Whilst simple and not hugely groundbreaking, vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, antioxidants and an endless variety of trace nutrients that allow the body to function properly. Eat a variety of vegetables every day and choose from an assortment of colours.
Real foods make the best choices
If is swims, runs or grows – eat it. The more processed the food, the less nutrient value it provides. Processing itself may reduce the nutrient value of a food, whilst it also adds in many preservatives and additives that we aren’t particularly fond of. There isn’t a requirement to scaremonger over processed foods, other than to emphasis that they represent a significantly poorer choice.