Restricting bread intake has become a popular strategy for aiding weight loss in recent years. The quick breakdown and absorption of refined carbohydrates, such as white bread, can result in a cycle of quick energy followed by fatigue and hunger as a result of fluctuating blood sugar. Additional foods that cause this same response include white rice, pasta and refined cereals etc.
Recent research published in the Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated the impact of restricting bread intake in an obese population of women undertaking a period of calorie restriction. Participants were provided with a low-calorie diet (with or without bread), nutrition education and physical activity guidelines over a period of 16 weeks.
Interestingly, the group who were restricted bread intake had the most number of dropouts! The researchers concluded that the inclusion of bread in a low calorie diet designed for weight loss promoted better compliance with the diet. Weight loss is all about making small, sustainable changes over time. Be aware of the impact of restricting whole food groups – moderation is key.