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Factors that determine carbohydrate needs during exercise in diabetic athletes

Carbohydrate recommendations depend on timing of ingestion in relation to when exercise is performed. This will have an impact on the glycaemic index of the carbohydrate required. Use low glycemic index carbohydrates in the hours prior to exercise, and high glycemic index just before, during and immediately after exercise. Blood glucose measurements should be used to monitor the rate at which the body needs glucose. Additional factors that determine carbohydrate needs include: